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SAT Essay College Board Test #6:

  • 50 minutes total
  • Post essay below for review

PDF Exams (Print Format):

Essay Grading Tool:

As you read the essay passage, consider how the author uses

  • evidence, such as facts or examples, to support claims.
  • reasoning to develop ideas and to connect claims and evidence.
  • stylistic or persuasive elements, such as word choice or appeals to emotion, to add power to the ideas expressed.

Your essay should not explain whether you agree with the author’s claims, but rather explain how the author builds an argument to persuade his audience.

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This Post Has 2 Comments
  1. In the passage from “The Lovely Stones,” Christopher Hitchens argues the original Parthenon sculptures should be returned to Greece. Hitchens believes the return of these sculptures will fulfill people’s desire to fully see the stories the sculptures tell. Hitchens effectively builds his argument by providing statistical evidence, and appealing to his readers’ emotions.
    Throughout the passage, Hitchens makes an appeal to his readers’ emotions. “If the Mona Lisa had been sawed in two during the Napoleonic Wars and the separated halves had been acquired by different museums in, say, St. Petersburg and Lisbon, would there not be a general wish to see what they might look like if reunited?” Hitchens substitutes a famous painting for the Parthenon sculptures and in doing so, he cleverly targets his readers’ desire and curiosity to see the different halves of the sculptures brought together. Additionally, Hitchens mentions the events the Parthenon has gone through. “Turkish forces also used it for centuries as a garrison and an arsenal, with the tragic result that in 1687…a powder magazine was detonated and huge damage inflicted on the structure. Most horrible of all, perhaps, the Acropolis was made to fly a Nazi flag during the German occupation of Athens.” Hitchens utilizes the detonation and damage done by different horrible forces to invoke pity and horror in his readers.The readers are horrified by the terrible events the Parthenon and its sculptures have gone through, causing them to support Hitchens’ argument. By employing an emotional appeal, Hitchens convinces his readers to support his argument.
    In addition to an emotional approach, Hitchens also provides statistical evidence to support his argument. “It then had a series of 92 high-relief panels, or metopes, depicting a succession of mythical and historical battles… there were 192 equestrian warriors and auxiliaries featured, which happens to be the exact number of the city’s heroes who fell at the Battle of Marathon.” Hitchens describes in detail the beauty and intricacy of the Parthenon sculptures by providing different statistics of sculptures. By describing the detail of the sculptures, Hitchens is able instill a curiosity in his readers to see the sculptures for themselves in grandeur of the Parthenon. “Except that half the cast of the tale is still in Bloomsbury, in London, having been sold well below cost by Elgin to the British government in 1816 for $2.2 million in today’s currency to pay off his many debts….” Hitchens uses the details that the sculptures were sold at a lower value than their true value and in doing so, he shows that the Parthenon sculptures were not appreciated at the level that they should have been. By providing statistical evidence, Hitchens is able to prove to his reader that the Parthenon sculptures should be returned to Greece
    By providing statistical evidence and an emotional appeal, Hitchens is able to convince his reader of his argument.

  2. In Conde Nast Digital’s article, “The Lovely Stones”, the author appeals to emotion, utilizes logic, and uses word choice to persuade his audience. The author shows his audience why the original Parthenon sculptures should be returned to Greece.

    Digital appeals to emotion to create an argument for the sculptures in the Parthenon. In the second paragraph, the author gives a brief description of the history of the Parthenon in an effort to place the dilemma, which he introduces later, in context. When the author states that “The damage done by the ages to the building…cannot be put right”, he is trying to drive home the fact that the Parthenon has already experienced the worst of mankind’s carelessness. However, the reader is not left with such a helpless mindset, in fact, the very next sentence by the author claims that there is something that can be “undone.” To further play on the emotions of the audience, the author proceeds to give a brief, yet detailed, account of the grim history of the Parthenon and the unfortunate event that led to its split. The remarks made by the author about the Parthenon set up the emotional state of the reader for the upcoming paragraphs in the writing.

    The author employs logical appeals to further develop his argument. The author regards a scenario regarding the Mona Lisa to set forth the argument of the unification of two halves. To leave no doubt in his audience, the author shares with his readers that “the body of the goddess Iris is at present London, while her head is in Athens.” The author’s statement gives the audience a real life example of the author’s argument if they couldn’t fathom the practicality of the proposed hypothetical. Digital sets up his argument logically, and thus provides not one but three scenarios that the reader can contemplate. Moreover, the explicit nature of the logic that the author employs allows the audience to relate to the unacceptable state of the Parthenon sculptures. By drawing in the audience with the rhetorical aid of logical appeals, the author once again compels his audience to side with supporting the unification of the Parthenon sculptures.

    As shown throughout the authors argument, the emotional appeal and logic that the author employs heighten the effectiveness of the author’s writing. All in all, Digital presents a logical argument so that his audience can support the unification of the Parthenon statues.

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